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Archaeology

Cyprus and East Aegean Symposium October 2, 2008

Filed under: Coming Up — Argy @ 5:35 pm

CYPRUS AND EAST AEGEAN: Intercultural Contacts from 3000 to 500 BC

Pythagoreion, Samos, October 17th – 18th 2008

A. G. LEVENTIS FOUNDATION

 

GERMAN ARCHAEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE AT ATHENS

 

 

 invitation-for-the-international-archaeological-symposium-cyprus-and-east-aegean-intercultural-contacts-from-3000-to-500-bc-pythagoreion-samos-october-17-18-2008

 

 

programme-for-the-international-archaeological-symposium-cyprus-and-east-aegean-intercultural-contacts-from-3000-to-500-bc-pythagoreion-samos-october-17-18-2008

 

INTERNATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL SYMPOSIUM 

 

CYPRUS AND EAST AEGEAN:

Intercultural Contacts from 3000 to 500 BC

Pythagoreion, Samos, October 17th – 18th 2008

Doryssa Seaside Resort, Lecture Hall Sivylla

ABSTRACTS

 Organizing – Scientific Committee

 

Vassos Karageorghis

Ourania Kouka

Nota Kourou

Wolf – Dietrich Niemeier

 

Sponsors

A. G. Leventis Foundation

German Archaeological Institute at Athens

The J. F.  Costopoulos Foundation

 

Ηοw Far Pots Can Go? Conceptualizing Pottery Production and Exchange in Geometric Rhodes

Farmakidou, Eleni

This paper focuses on an Early Iron Age (8th cent.BC) tomb discovered in 1974, at Vati, Southern Rhodes. The group of finds from this burial context brings together archaeological material both local and imported. The evidence from the pottery of the tomb derives from a number of 37 objects, seven of which can be broadly classified as flask vessels.

The reception of the form from Cyprus, its variants, its distribution and diffusion in the local production and the wider Aegean region will be explored. A comparison with well known grave assemblages from Ialysos and Kaminos will be presented.

The paper finally incorporates the results into an evaluation of the cultural interconnections between Rhodes and Cyprus in the 8th cent. BC.

 

 

East Greek and Cypriote Ceramics of the Archaic Period

 Fourrier, Sabine

During the Archaic period, the intensification of contacts between Cyprus and Eastern Greece is reflected in a pronounced hellenization of Cypriote production, especially in ceramics.

The borrowings are manifold: shapes, decorative patterns, even technics. Nevertheless, the Cypriote artisans don’t slavishly copy their Eastern Greek models, but they adapt and interpret the Greek prototypes so as to make them fit in the Cypriote Iron Age repertoire.

This paper will concentrate mainly on the Amathousian ceramic production which gives a good example of this intercultural processes.

 

The Ionian Styles in the Cypriote Sculpture of the Sixth Century BC

 Hermary, Antoine

The limestone statuettes in Cypriote style found in East Greek sanctuaries have been studied from different points of view (and will be again presented in this conference), but, in reverse, the influence of Ionian styles –especially Samian– on the Cypriote

sculptures of the sixth century BC are not well known. I will present a few remarks on this topic, starting from the statues found by Cesnola in the sanctuary of Golgoi-Ayios Photios, located now, for the most part, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.

 

Cypriote Terracottas  from Miletus

 Henke, Jan-Marc

The material of Cypriote coroplastic excavated in the sanctuary of Aphrodite of Oikous in Miletus is quite comparable to the finds of Cypriote terracottas from other finding places in the Eastern Aegean. In connection with the clay figurines from Samos, Rhodes or Emecik the Eastern Aegaen material appears very homogeneous and seems to present only a small portion of the rich and manifold productions of terracottas at archaic Cyprus itself. Whereas the divergent emphasis in the compositions of the particular finding complex should derive simply from the general or cult specific differences between the Aegean find spots. Therefore the part of almost life-size or life-size terracotta figurines in Miletus seems to be proportionally high, while Cypriote plaque-shaped figurines are almost completely lacking. The latter could be explained by the local Milesian production of daedalic plaque-shaped figurines. In spit of the different emphasis the Eastern Aegean material indicates only a slight number of Cypriote ateliers which produced for the Aegean export. This is shown not at least by the numerous figurines at Eastern Aegaen finding places and at Cyprus itself, which were made in the same mould. Moreover a detailed study seems to indicate manifold series of production also for the hollow figurines which were made by many separate moulds, what allowed the use of same moulds for typologically different figurines. Beyond general stylistic features it seems to be possible to connect this series with specific ateliers or perhaps even with specific craftsmen. Such observations could get further information to the chronological and technological questions of the material of Cypriote terracottas in the Eastern Aegean, in which their manifold import seems to be, understood perhaps as a comparative still more temporary but intensive phenomenon as hitherto adopted 

Goat Sacrifices for Aphrodite in Cyprus, and for Hera and Athena in East Greece and Naukratis?

Assimilation between Cypriote and Greek Gods in the 6th century B.C.

 Höckmann, Ursula

Hekatios dedicates Athena Lindia a Cypriote male statuette with a goat victim, in spite of Athena Lindia disliking goats. Does this mean that the Greek dedicant did not care for an appropiate votiv to his goddess? Or did he know about features common to Greek Athena and Cypriote Aphrodite? In Cyprus it is Aphrodite who loves goats. Who were Hekatios and all the other Greeks who in Rhodos, Erythrai, Naukratis and Samos dedicated Cypriote figures with a goat victim to Athena and Hera? The paper attempts to define the character of this contact-syncretism. It is not based on cult transfer, but on assimilation evoked by Greeks coming home from Cyprus or from Egypt via Cyprus. So we can learn about similarities which linked Cypriote Aphrodite with Greek Athena or Hera in the 6th century B.C.: these were perhaps warlike aspects of the deities involved.

 The  ‘Hellenization’ of Ionia and Cyprus

Deger–Jalkotzy, Sigrid

Apart from many changes and transformations, the period between the collapse of the Mycenaean palace system and the rise of the Early Iron Age also provided the background for various shifts of population groups. Two major movements overseas remained in the collective memory of the Greeks: The apoikia to Ionia, and the emigration to Cyprus. However, the “Ionian Migration” was more intensely reflected by Greek poetry and historiography than the arrival of the Greeks in Cyprus. The paper will deal with the chronology and the historical setting of the two movements, as well as with a comparison between them. 

Pirates of the Aegean

Italy – East Aegean – Cyprus at the End of the Second Millennium BCE

 Jung, Reinhard

The spread of new weapons (Naue II swords, spear heads with cast socket), armour (greaves with wire fittings), dress accessories (fibulae) and tools (knife and axe types) to the Aegean and the eastern Mediterranean is a well-known phenomenon of the last centuries in the second millennium BC. The new types belong to the Urnfield tradition of central European, Italian and Balkan bronze work, which is also known as a “metallurgical koinè”. Although several broader issues related to this phenomenon of the 13th, 12th and 11th century BCE have long been a topic of discussion, no generally accepted answers have been found as yet:

– Did the bronze types of the metallurgical koinè reach the eastern Mediterranean region via the Balkan land route and the north Aegean coasts or rather by way of the Adriatic Sea and through the Strait of Otranto?

– Which historical processes are responsible for the diffusion of these new bronze types? Are we dealing with the effects of migratory processes or rather with the results of international goods exchange, with Cyprus playing a special role in it?

– Were the earliest bronzes of the metallurgical koinè imports from Italian or Balkan regions or were they already local products made in the Aegean and in Cyprus?

The widespread occurrence of identical types from the Rhine to the Orontes makes it difficult to address these issues by means of typo-chronological approaches alone. New results of metal analyses can help in finding answers for the above questions.

Some of the earliest attestations of European bronze weapons were found in the eastern Aegean and in Cyprus, whereby Cyprus also stands out with an exceptional quantity of objects concentrated in a few archaeological contexts (especially at Enkomi: Swedish tomb 18 and well 212). Was the eastern Aegean an intermediary station on the way east of warriors equipped with the new weapons and craftsmen who had the technological know-how to produce them? And did people from the eastern Aegean play a special role in this context? My paper aims at providing answers for at least some of these questions with a special focus on East-Aegean-Cypriot relations.

  

Moulds and Production of Terracotta Figurines in Cyprus and the Eastern Aegean

 Karageorghis, Jacqueline

In his study of the Cypriote terracottas found in Samos, published in 1968 , Gerhard Schmidt had already recorded that some figurines from Samos had been made from the same moulds as figurines from Rhodes and Cyprus. Our research will record more such examples of productions from the same moulds found at Samos, Cyprus, Lindos and other sites and will investigate the relations among these productions. An attempt will be made to attribute moulds to different workshops in Cyprus. It is hoped that this study will throw some more light on the relations between the Cypriote workshops and the material found at Samos and elsewhere, although only the analysis of the clay may give solution to the problem of provenance.

Relations Between Cyprus and the Eastern Aegean. Some Introductory Remarks 

Karageorghis, Vassos

The strategic position of Cyprus in the Eastern Mediterranean and its importance in the trade of metals brought the island into contact with the Eastern Aegean. At the same time trade relations between Cyprus and the Aegean in general, as well as the Central Mediterranean during the Late Bronze Age, favoral contacts with the western coast of Asia Minor and the Eastern Aegean islands, particularly those of the south-eastern Aegean. A particular impetus in these contacts during the 7th-6th centuries B.C., was the floruit of the great sanctuaries in the Eastern Aegean and the predilection for Cypriote statues and statuettes as votive offerings. At the same time ‘East Greek’ artistic fashions exercised a fascination on the Cypriots, who tried also to imitate East Greek ceramics and also sculpture.

  

Cypriote and Cypriote Type Terracotta Figurines in the Aegean: Chemical Characterization and Provenance Investigation

Kilikoglou, Vassilis – Karageorghis, Vassos-

Kourou, Nota –  Marantidou, Panagiota

Cypriote terracotta statuettes are not infrequent votives at Archaic sanctuaries in Eastern Aegean. They are usually of small size and in distinct Cypriote styles, but larger examples or figures in a non-clearly defined Cypriote style also occur. They are found in more-or-less the same sites in the Aegean as those limestone ones which have also yielded Cypriote or of Cypriote type and they raise similar questions regarding their origin. The basic issue is that of distinguishing between imported and local wares, especially the ones which are similar in style. Iconographic and stylistic analysis is not always the most suitable method to answer questions of origin, especially in view of the fact that moulds, which were easily transportable, were frequently used for such terracotta statuettes.           

This paper attempts to tackle these problems focusing on material from Samos and Rhodos, evaluated against similar material from Cyprus. For this reason an analytical programme based on neutron activation was undertaken, for the determination of 27 minor and trace elements. A total of 162 samples were analysed, representing the existing fabric and stylistic variability in all three areas under investigation. The results have highlighted the large scale transportation of Cypriote figurines in the Aegean, alongside with the local productions which, especially in the case of Samos, was considerable.

 

A New Approach to the Interpretation of Cypriote Kourotrophos Statuettes of the Archaic Period

Kleibl, Kathrin

Votive figurines depicting a kourotrophos deity are known from Cyprus as early as the 3rd millennium B.C. Their stylistic appearance shows local origin and later Syrian, Mycenaean-Greek and again Syrian influence. In the 6th and 5th century B.C. a specific Greek influenced type of limestone and terracotta statuettes developed. They depict an enthroned female with a wrapped up infant on her lap. In some cases the child is shown with a high pointed cap. Figurines of this nature where mainly found in sanctuary but also in sepulture context. Unlike other Cypriote votives this type was never – as far as we know today – exported outside of the island. In the current discussion these figurines are interpreted, because of the lack of epigraphically evidences, with a group of other representations as the goddess Aphrodite as in her role of child birth.  

In this paper I will introduce new results of my current research which is integrated in a Collaborative Research Centre of the German Research Council with the title “Cultural and Linguistic Contacts – Processes of change and their historical dimensions in North Eastern Africa and West Asia” at the University of Mainz/Germany. I will argue that the Cypriote kourotrophos figurines of the archaic period should not just be addressed as Aphrodite but have to be seen under a more specific light. I will introduce a new interpretation for the archaic kourotrophos figurines by having a closer look especially to the architectural and the Cypriote religious context.

East Aegean, Western Anatolia and Cyprus: Intercultural Contacts

in the 3rd and the first half of the 2nd mill. BC.

Kouka, Ourania

The Third millennium BC is one of the most important periods in the cultural history of Cyprus, during which the ‘island of copper’ enters the Bronze Age. Archaeological evidence from western Cyprus indicates contacts of the island with Western and South Anatolia aleady from the Late Chalcolithic Period. Contacts with Western Anatolia as well as the East Aegean islands become more intensive in the middle of the 3rd mill. BC, as tin bronze metallurgy, new ceramic technologies and shapes, new technologies in textile production, new burial habits etc. are registered in all so far known archaeological contexts.           

This paper aims to discuss all aspects of the intercultural contacts of the above mentioned geographical regions and their influence on new settlement patterns and demographic changes, on burial customs and social changes, on technologies and on various economic sectors, as well as on the participation of Cyprus to trade networks of the eastern Mediterranean from the mid 3rd through the mid 2nd mill. BC.  

Intercultural Commerce and Diplomacy

Near Eastern, Egyptian and Cypriot Artefacts from the Heraion of Samos

Kyrieleis, Helmut

This paper aims at a more distinct understanding of the reasons for the presence of foreign votive objects in Greek sanctuaries. The problem will be tackeled on the basis the archaeological evidence in the Samian Heraion where the outstanding abundance, variety and quality of imported artefacts almost necessarily stimulate questions such as: who had brought all this to the sanctuary – and why? 

It is generally accepted that the foreign imports reflect somehow the sea trade activities between the Aegean and the East, and it is obvious that an important seaport like Samos played a significant role in the international commercial exchange. Part of the exotic objects would be votives given by Greeks returning from overseas trade expeditions. But there are sufficient indications suggesting that imported objects were dedicated also by foreign visitors.

As it is hardly conceivable why people from overseas should have visited Samos if it was not for commercial reasons, those foreigners who dedicated votives in the Heraion could primarily be regarded as merchant sailors arriving from Eastern harbours. These foreign traders believed in their own gods. Hence the motives behind their dedications to the Samian Hera would have been different (or more ‘specialised’) from what Greek worshippers intended by their votiv gifts to the goddess, and should be connected with the nature of these Eastern visitors’ business. It seems therefore reasonable to see the dedications by foreigners as a kind of diplomatic gifts in honour of the local deity and central sanctuary in order to secure ‘proxenic’ status and protection and to establish friendly relations with the host polis. My paper will offer a more detailed dicussion of this line of reasoning.   

Cypriote Imports to Archaic Northern Ionia

Lafli, Ergün

Archaeologically evidenced by some excavations, the cultural contacts between Cyprus and northern Ionia start latest in the IInd millennium B.C. During the Ist millennium in most of the sites of Ionia Cypriote imports were in use, as in the most parts of the Eastern Mediterranean. The characteristics of these relations were, however, never studied in further extension. In this paper it is aimed to give a brief outlook about what sort of Cypriote imports were found in northern Ionia and how these materials should be interpreted. In two Turkish excavations in this area Cypriote imports seem to be almost exclusively terracotta objects, such as figurines and vessels. So far no Cypriote limestone artefacts are known from northern Ionia. A possible role of Samos for the Cypriote imports to northern Ionia will also be questioned.

Interrelations in the Pottery Production Between Cyprus and Chios in the Archaic Era

Lemos, A. Anna

The aim of this paper is to explore the main categories of Cypriot and Chian Pottery and comment on the main aspects of their contribution to the creation of  Archaic art. Three basic points constitute the core of the work:

First, the evaluation and appreciation on the one hand of both wares, especially in the polychrome categories, which might have common traits, and on the other the restricted import-export exchanges between them. 

Secondly, the problems and peculiarities of Chian iconography on vase painting make up an interesting topic, which is dealt with in some detail; discussion on little known scenes is ventured in comparison to the better known Cypriot ones.  

Thirdly, a possible common feature, that of the white slip, which is met with in most categories of both islands in the archaic period, will be explored. 

In conclusion, reference will be made to the innate difficulties of the material and a possible historical reasoning which underlies their interrelations on the basis of pottery production, will be ventured.   

The Standing Female Figure in the Archaic Art of Cyprus and Eastern Aegean. A Comparative Study

Marantidou, Panagiota

This paper takes up a comparative iconographic study of the female figure in the Archaic art of Cyprus and Eastern Aegean. Differences and similarities are viewed against the wide range of exchanges between the two areas and against their social background. The paper aims at defining interactions between Greek and Cypriot artists.

Rhodes and Cyprus in the Bronze Age.  Old and New Evidence of Contacts and Interactions

Marketou, Toula

Rhodes evidently participated in the complicated exchange system of goods and the development of trade in the Aegean and the Eastern Mediterranean in the Bronze Age. Within this system interactions with the culture of Cyprus are of great importance.  The aim of this paper is to present the new evidence of direct or indirect contacts between the two islands form the Early Bronze Age until the end of the Late Bronze Age. The different degrees and kinds of communications per period give a clear picture of the situation in the Aegean, the Anatolia and the Eastern Mediterranean before and after the global effects of the eruption of the Thera volcano.

The re-examination of the Early Bronze Age polished and incised pottery and mostly of some Duck-Vases, recently found in Rhodes, provides new evidence of the early

contacts between the two islands and the production or distribution centres of this peculiar shape of pottery.  However, the closest relations between the two islands appeared after the eruption of the Thera volcano.  From Cyprus came to Rhodes the disseminated throughout the Eastern Mediterranean Base Ring I vessels, Spindle- Bottles and other Red-Lustrous pottery along with the White Slip I vases, which were renowned for their resilience to high temperatures, but apart from these imports, the close relations of the two islands are clearly shown by the local production of a great amount of local imitations of Cypriote pottery. 

It seems that after the collapse of the Cretan palatial centres and the secure Mycenaean presence in the Aegean islands, Rhodes and Cyprus participated in the development of trade, which brought Mycenaean goods in Syria, Egypt and the coastal zone of Asia Minor. The most eloquent picture of flourishing Mycenaean trade is given by the late 14th-century BC shipwreck investigated off Ulu-Burun. This ship, possibly Cypriote, sank as it was skirting the southwest coast of Lycia, en route for the Aegean. A century later another ship suffered the same fate in this stretch of sea, found off Cape Gelidonya.  

The close connections between Rhodes and Cyprus are also seen in the following Geometric period, when again, apart from the evident Cypriote imports found in the cemeteries of the island and the rich sanctuaries of  Ialysos, Kamiros and Lindos, local Cypriote imitations of pottery and statuettes show the development and the continuity from the prehistoric cultural relations between the two islands to the early historical times.  

Contacts Between the East Aegean and Cyprus as Evidenced

by LB III Pottery

Mountjoy, A. Penelope

Contacts Between the East Aegean and Cyprus as Evidenced by LB III Pottery will be examined.

The Origin of the Name ‘Ionian’

Muhly, D. James

Herodotus (VII. 94) says of the Classical Ionians that “They took their present name from Xuthus’ son Ion”. In terms of ancient Greek ethnographic traditions this is the correct explanation. Modern scholarship concerning the origin of the name ‘Ionian’ has gone on for over 100 years, going back at least to the major article by E. Meyer, published in 1892. All early scholarship concentrated upon the first part of the name, producing explanations such as “The Ia-Criers” and “The Bezerk (Warriors)”. The modern era of scholarship goes back to 1954 and an article by W. Brandenstein, further elaborated by D. Hegyi in 1965 and by O. Szemerényi in 1968.  Fundamental to all current scholarship is the understanding that Iawones, the earliest form of the name, can have nothing with do with Ion, and all later Greek forms of the name. Iawones can only be explained in terns of a formation involving an Indo-European ethnic suffix, best attested in Luwian –wani-, attached to ‘î, the West Semitic word for “island”. The “Ionians” were “The Islanders”. These developments must have taken place in Cilicia and Cyprus, far removed from the world of the twelve cities of Classical Ionia. An embryonic version of this interpretation is to be found in a 1900 article by J. B. Bury. Support for this position can now be derived from texts written in Neo-Assyrian, Phoenician, Hebrew and Hieroglyphic Luwian.

A Late Bronze Age Faience Workshop on Naxos

Philaniotou, Ol

Excavations at the Metropolis square in the town of Naxos brought to light a walled sector of the Late Bronze Age town. The wall has a stone-built base and a superstructure of mudbricks, a technique rare in Greece but well-known in Cyprus. Inside there was a habitation area which included a pottery workshop. Adjoining this was found an installation, unmistakably used for the manufacture of faience. Its main feature was a small room with a bench of unbaked clay on a foundation of flagstones. The bench had shallow depressions in its upper surface, where two vases were found in situ, ready to be placed in the kiln for the final firing. They were made of whitish clay with a coating of kaolin, and their surfaces bear traces of green and blue paint. The end result, after firing, would have been a faience-like surface. It is interesting that one of the vases has a very close parallel in a faience lentoid flask from Kition.

The faience workshop and the mudbrick fortification wall may help the process of clarification of the complex reciprocal contacts between the Cyclades, the Eastern Mediterranean and Cyprus.  

Beasts, Heroes and Worshippers – Statuettes Made of Cypriote Limestone From the Aphrodite – Sanctuary of Miletus

Senff, Reinhard

During the excavations carried out in the Aphrodite – santuary of Miletus since 1990 a considerable number of fragments of limestone statuettes has been found. They represent wild and mythical animals, humans and specimens of the so called lion-tamer figurines, thus representing more or less the same types as known from other East-Greek sanctuaries. Geological analysis has shown that the material must have been imported from Cyprus. Yet the iconography of the figurines and some stylistic features cannot always be paralleled with sculpture found on the island. The paper tries to discuss the finds from Miletus in regard to the current positions on the localisation of the workshops and the purpose of the dedications. 

Can Crete be excluded? Direct or indirect contacts among

Cyprus-East Aegean and Crete during the G-A periods

Stampolidis, Chr. Nikolaos

In an International Archaeological Symposium, as the present one, focusing on relations between Cyprus and East Aegean there is little but enough space for another view: Since the sea route to enter and leave the Aegean from and for Cyprus had always been the same, that is SE Aegean and the cross line which starts from the SW coasts of Asia Minor-Rhodes to Karpathos and Crete, the latter cannot be excluded since enough archaeological material has been unearthened -within larger contexts- that links Cyprus, the Dodecanese and East Aegean with Crete and many times it is impossible to discern the sea routing followed from one island to another. Therefore we will try to show some of the possible ways of connections examining the archaeological material under this scope.

Some Remarks on the Limestone Figurine Production and Intercultural
Exchange in Archaic Knidos: New Evidences from the Archaic Sanctuary of Apollo at Emecik/Datça

Tuna, Numan 

Apollon sanctuary situated near Emecik village on Datça peninsula has been the center of attraction since the beginning of 20th century within the archaeological sphere due to the artifacts revealed by the illegal excavations. The archaeological excavations carried on at the site from 1998 onwards showed that the sanctuary was established during the Geometric period for Apollon and yielded to evidence that enhanced the significance of the site in the context of Eastern Aegean Archaeology.
On the basis of preliminary results it can be claimed that Apollon sanctuary was in use since the Geometric period and particularly during the Archaic period as a part of ritual network that reflected the regional and overseas affairs. The epigraphic evidence as well as local votives and imported artifacts found at the site clearly attest that the Archaic sanctuary was dedicated to Apollon. The hiatus that lasted until the restructuring of the sanctuary in 4th century BC point out the abandonment of the sanctuary in the regional network due to the political conditions of the Classical period.

The excavations at the lower terrace produced abundant amount of findings that had been used as filling material for the rearrangement of terraces during the Late Archaic period. These findings include Cyprian, Egyptian, Phoenician and Etruscan goods as well as limestone figurines in great numbers. These limestone figurines that show a great variety are commonly thought to be Cyprian or Eastern Greek origin,
but the recent remarks and research suggest them possibly to be local Knidian productions.  

The Cypriot Collection in the Archaeological Museum of Samos 

 Viglaki-Sofianou, Maria – Marantidou, Panagiota

A large number of stone and terracotta figurines, which were found in the German excavations at the Heraion of Samos were recently re-exhibited in a new case offered by the Leventis Foundation. The Cypriot figurines found at Samos are extremely important for the study of cypriot sculpture in stone or terracotta because they represent a large variety of types with a variety of iconographic details. The finds now arranged typologically greatly add to our knowledge of cypriot sculture, but also they can answer questions of interaction between the Aegean and Cyprus during the archaic period.

Eastern Aegean – Cypriot Relations from the 8th to the 6th Century BC:

A View from the Ceramics

von Rüden, Constance 

The strong connection between Cyprus and Eastern Aegean in the 7th and 6th centuries reflected by the findings of Archaic terracotta figurines at important sites like the Heraion of Samos raises the question to what extent exchange processes took place between these two regions of the Ancient World. Should we consider these figurines simply as Cypriot offerings without any sign of reciprocity? Furthermore, is it possible to detect any other levels of communication in the material culture of both regions?

With regard to the exchange of goods and ideas, the examination of ceramics –which normally enjoy significant distribution- is a good starting point for an enquiry into questions such as the above. In contrast to the numerous terracotta and limestone figurines of Cypriot origin or influence, findings of Cypriot ceramics and their imitations are limited north of the Dodecanese. As for Cyprus, a large part of the Western imports during this period consists of Eastern Aegean ceramics which also influence the island’s local pottery production. 

In order to reassess the nature of the exchange held between both regions from the 8th to the 6th century BC, we will attempt a re-examination of these pottery findings, which are expected to throw new light on the complexity and the different levels of communication lying behind Eastern Aegean – Cypriot relationships.

 

Addresses of participants

 

 

Farmakidou, Eleni

KB´ Ephorate of Antiquities

Ippoton str.

85100 Rhodes, Greece

Email: kbepka@yahoo.gr

 

Fourrier, Sabine

33, Rue Jaubert

FR-13005 Marseille

HiSoMa-UMR 5189, MOM

7, rue Raulin

FR-69365 Lyon, Cedex 7, France

Email: sabine.fourrier@mom.fr

 

Hermary, Antoine

MMSH – Centre Camille Jullian

5, Rue du Château de l’Horloge

BP 647

F-13094 Aix-en-Provence, Cedex 2, France

Email : hermary@mmsh.univ-aix.fr

 

Henke, Jan-Marc

Bommerholzerstr. 10

58452 Witten, Germany

Email : jan_marc_henke@hotmail.com

 

Höckmann, Ursula

Taunusstrabe 39

D-55118 Mainz, Germany

Email: u.hoeck@t-online.de 

 

Deger-Jalkotzy, Sigrid

University of Salzburg

Fachbereich Alterumswissenschaften Bereich Alte Geschichte, Altertumswissenschaften

und Mykenologie

Residenzplatz 1

5020 Salzburg, Austria

Email: sigrid.deger-jalkotzy@sbg.ac.at

 

Jung, Reinhard

Deutsches Archäologisches Institut

1, Fidiou str.

GR-106 78 Athens, Greece

Email: jung@athen.dainst.org

 

Karageorghis, Jacqueline

‘Anastasios G. Leventis’ Foundation

40, Gladstonos str.

CY-1095 Nicosia, Cyprus

Email: karavj@cytanet.com.cy

 

Karageorghis, Vassos

‘Anastasios G. Leventis’ Foundation

40, Gladstonos str.

CY-1095 Nicosia, Cyprus

Email: leventcy@zenon.logos.cy.net

 

Kilikoglou, Vassilis

NCSR Demokritos

P.O. Box 60228

GR-15 310 Ayia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece

Email: kilikog@ims.demokritos.gr

 

Kleibl, Kathrin

Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

Sonderforschungsbereich 295

Teilprojekt B 7 “Archaisches Zypern”

Gresmundweg 4

D-55099 Mainz, Germany

Email: kleibl@uni-mainz.de

 

Kouka, Ourania

Department of History and Archaeology

Archaeological Research Unit

12, Gladstonos str.

CY-1026 Nicosia, Cyprus

 

Tel.: 00357-22-674702

Fax.:00357-22-674101

Email: ouraniak@ucy.ac.cy

 

Kourou, Nota

University of Athens

Department of Archaeology

University Campus

GR-157 84 Athens, Greece

Email: nkourou@arch.uoa.gr

 

Kyrieleis, Helmut

Deutsches Archäologisches Institut,

Podbielskiallee 69-71

D-14195 Berlin, Germany

Email: hk@dainst.de

 

Lafli, Ergün

Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi

Arkeoloji Bölümü

Tinaztepe/Kaynaklar Yerleşkesi

Buca, TR-35160 Izmir, Turkey

Email: elafli@yahoo.ca

 

Lemos, A. Anna

Pl. Vas. Georgiou 6

Pal. Psychiko

GR-15452 Athens, Greece

Email: annlemos@arch.noa.gr

 

 

 

Marantidou, Panayiota

Origenus 3, Neapoli

GR-P.O. Box 114 71 Athens, Greece

Email: panymara_128@hotmail.com

 

Marketou, Toula

KB´ Ephorate of Antiquities

Hippoton str.

GR-85100 Rhodes, Greece

Email: kbepka@yahoo.gr

 

Mountjoy, Penelope

British School at Athens

52, Souedias str.

GR-106 76 Athens, Greece

Fax.: 0030-210-7236560

 

Muhly, James

36,  Proteos str.

Palaio Phaliro

GR-175 61 Athens, Greece

Email: jimmuhly@yahoo.com

 

Niemeier, Wolf – Dietrich

Deutsches Archäologisches Institut

1, Fidiou str.

GR-106 78 Athens, Greece

Email : niemeier@athen.dainst.org

 

Philaniotou, Olga

Skylitsi 23A

GR-114 73 Athens, Greece

Email: olgaphil@otenet.gr

 

Senff, Reinhard

Deutsches Archäologisches Institut

1, Fidiou str.

GR-106 78 Athens, Greece

Email : senff@athen.dainst.org

 

Stampolidis, Chr. Nikolaos

Museum of Cycladic Art

4, Neophytou Douka str.

106 74 Athens, Greece

Email: nstampolidis@cycladic.gr

 

Tuna, Numan

Middle East Technical University

Centre for Research and Assessment of the Historic Environment (TAÇDAM)

06531 Inonu Bulv. Ankara, Turkey

Email.: tnuman@metu.edu.tr

 

Viglaki-Sofianou, Maria

KA´ Ephorate of Antiquities

Pythagoreion Archaeological Museum

GR-83103 Pythagoreion, Samos, Greece

 

von Rüden, Constance

Deutsches Archäologisches Institut

1, Fidiou str.

GR-106 78 Athens, Greece

Email : vonrueden@athen.dainst.org