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The Memorandum of the Greek Government October 5, 2008

Filed under: The Parthenon Marbles' Issue — Argy @ 6:43 pm


In 1999 a team of Greek experts visited the British Museum in order to examine the extent of the damage done to the surface of the Parthenon Marbles, during the cleaning of 1937-1938. Following this, the British Museum organized an international conference in London (“Cleaning the Parthenon Sculptures”, 30 November – 1 December 1999) in order to examine the issues concerning the conservation of the Parthenon Sculptures; the results of the Greek experts’ visit to the British Museum were presented among others during this conference.
During the same year, the British Government assigned the Committee on Culture, Media and Sport to consider all the issues relevant to British cultural heritage polices. The Greek request for the return of the Parthenon Marbles was among the examined issues.
In 1999 members of the Select Committee visited Athens and the Acropolis, and saw the area where the New Acropolis Museum will be constructed. After appointing a special task force, the Greek Ministry of Culture sent to the Committee a memorandum concerning the Greek request for the return of the Parthenon Marbles (Memorandum on the Parthenon Marbles submitted by the Government of the Hellenic Republic to the House of Commons Select Committee on Culture, Media and Sport). Moreover, in 2000 relevant oral testimonies from the former Minister of Foreign Affairs, the former Secretary General of the Ministry of Culture and the President of the Melina Mercouri Foundation were presented before the Committee. Later, in July 2000, the Select Committee published its report entitled “Cultural Property: Return and Illicit Trade” (House of Commons, Session 1999-2000, Culture, Media and Sport’s Committee, “Cultural Property: Return and Illicit Trade”). The report includes comments by Mr Graham C Greene, Dr Robert Anderson and Mrs Vivian Davies (The British Museum), Mr Donald Toon and Mr Roger Sanbrook (HM Customs and Excise), Ms Isabel Letwin, Mr Hurh Corer and the former Minister of Culture Mr Alan Howarth (Ministry of Culture, Media and Sport). Mr Howarth encouraged the bilateral discussion between Greece and the United Kingdom in view of finding a ground of mutual understanding: “I think there needs to be a closer meeting of minds, a closer mutual understanding of each other’s point of view”.



appendix1   a. Ground plan of the Parthenon indicating current location of Parthenon Marbles.
b. “Disjecta Membra. The Plunder and Dispersion of the Antiquities of the Acropolis”, by Alexandros Mantis. Anthemion, Bulletin of the Friends of the Acropolis. Reprinted in shortened form from Vol. 4, December 1997.
c. Selected bibliography.

appendix2   Texts by Greek General Makriyiannis and by K. Pittakis, General Keeper of Antiquities of Greece.

appendix3   UNESCO, European Parliament and United Nations resolutions and recommendations.

appendix4   English written source of the 19th century: letters by Elgin and his staff, texts by travellers and intellectuals.

appendix5   Summary of a preliminary report by the team of experts from the Hellenic Ministry of Culture on their findings concerning the Parthenon Marbles in the British Museum.

appendix6   The Unification of the Archaeological Sites of Athens (brochure and plans).

appendix7   Conservation programme of the Acropolis Monuments and the Parthenon:
a. “Conservation of the Surface of the Acropolis Monuments”, Committee for the Preservation of the Acropolis Monuments, Athens 1994.
b. Articles by H.C. Perkins and E. Papakonstantinou on air pollution in Athens and London.

appendix8   Restoration programme of the Acropolis Monuments and the Parthenon:
a. “The Anastylosis of the Acropolis Monuments 1975-2000”, by F. Mallouhou- Tufano.
b. “Documentation of the Column Capital and Drum from the Parthenon in the British Museum”, by C. Zambas.

appendix9   Results of archaeological research on the Acropolis and the Parthenon:
offprints by I. Trianti, Ephor of the Acropolis and
A. Mantis, Archaeologist, Ephorate of Acropolis